Module 1

EU Disability Card

  The EU Disability Card – more opportunities   To help people with disabilities travel more easily between EU countries, the EU is developing a voluntary system of mutual recognition of disability status and some associated benefits based on an EU disability card. Currently, there is no mutual recognition of disability status between EU Member States, leading to […]

The Directive 2016/2102

  The complete title is Directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies. Just like GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) was standardisation of privacy laws across EU, Directive 2016/2102 is standardisation of accessibility laws across […]

The European Accessibility Act

  Around 80 million people in the EU are affected by a disability in some degree. Accessibility is a precondition to ensure their full and equal participation in society. The European Accessibility Act  (EAA) (2019) aims to improve the functioning of the internal market for accessible products and services by removing barriers created by divergent legislation. […]

United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

  The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) is the first international, legally binding instrument setting minimum standards for rights of people with disabilities, and the first human rights convention to which the EU has become a party. The main elements of the UN Convention are reflected in the European disability strategy […]

Union of equality: Strategy for the rights of persons with disabilities 2021-2030

Thema 2: Union der Gleichstellung: Strategie für die Rechte von Menschen mit Behinderungen 2021-2030​ Die Strategie baut auf den Ergebnissen der vorangegangenen Europäischen Strategie für Menschen mit Behinderungen 2010-2020 auf, die den Weg zu einem barrierefreien Europa geebnet hat und Menschen mit Behinderungen in die Lage versetzen soll, ihre Rechte wahrzunehmen und uneingeschränkt an der […]


  The World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, 2001) is widely used in disability and health sectors as a framework to describe the far-reaching effects of a range of health conditions on individuals. This biopsychosocial framework can be used to describe the experience of an individual in the components of […]

Dimensions and Principles of Accessibility

  The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), was adopted on 13 December 2006 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. It is the first comprehensive human rights treaty of the 21st century and is the first human rights convention to be open for signature by regional integration organizations. The Convention […]

Common Barriers to Disability Inclusion

  Attitudinal barriers: which result in stigmatisation and discrimination, deny people with disabilities their dignity and potential are one of the greatest obstacles to achieving equality of opportunity and social integration.   Environmental barriers: inaccessible environments create disability by creating barriers to participation and inclusion. Physical barriers in the natural or built environment prevent access […]

The Evolving Concept of Disability

  “Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.”*” “*” Art.1 United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD, 2006) Disability is part of the […]

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